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Crypt of Amir Timur

склеп Амира Тимура

        At the back of the Dorus Saodat complex there can be found a Crypt Amir Timur which specialist think he had had it made for himself. The monument is a unique architectural structure. There is no such type of crypt in the entire Middle and Middle East.
    The crypt was found by archaeologists in the middle of the 20th century. This underground structure has a cross-shaped plan and is lined with marble with carved inscriptions. Scratch 
           
This underground structure has a cross-shaped plan and is lined with marble with carved inscriptions. The revealed foundations show that the building of the mausoleum with the memorial mosque was located above the crypt.
      On the walls and arches of the crypt are inscribed inscriptions: "Lordship belongs to Allah. Only Allah is eternal, "" Good is in the hands of Allah, and he is mighty in all things. " The first acquaintance with the text of the inscriptions was made by Ya.G. Gulyamov back in 1933. Later, in 1942, the monument became the object of research by M.E. Masson and G.A. Pugachenkova. According to them, the crypt is intended for a single burial, which strikes with its strict solidity and extraordinary splendor.
      In the middle of the crypt there is a marble sarcophagus covered with a thick monolithic plate with a thickness of more than 10 cm. At the corners, as well as in the center of the plate, there are steel rings intended for its installation. On the plate were inscriptions, consisting of messages to Timur and related to his life.
         The life of Amir Timur had come to an end in 1405 during a campaign against China. He was never buried in Shakhrisabz in the crypt, intended for him, but was buried in Samarkand in the mausoleum of Gur-Emir.

 

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