|Tashkent is the capital of sunny Uzbekistan
Tashkent is the capital of sunny Uzbekistan. It has various epithets, each of which has a profound meaning. Tashkent - "the city of bread", "the pearl of the East", "city-garden", "city of sun, spring and love." AlisherNavoi, Muhammad Babur, ZainuddinVasifi dedicated their works to the capital.
Tashkent is located at the crossroads of the Great Silk Road, which has been connecting Europe and Asia for 13 centuries. That is why it has witnessed and participated in many historical events in the history of the peoples of the two continents, a place of interlacing the destinies of many people. In our capital lived and created outstanding Uzbek poets and writers, such as Zulfiya, Oybek, Hamid Alimjan, Abdulla Kadiri who were deeply patriotic, in love with their city.
Tashkent is located in the north-eastern part of Uzbekistan, in the foothills of the Tien Shan at an altitude of 440-480 m. In the oasis of the Chirchik River, in a region engaged in the cultivation of cotton and fruits. The first mention of Tashkent in the ancient chronicles of the East dates back to the 2nd century BC. Tashkent was mentioned under the name of Uni. In the III century BC. Persians mention Tashkent under the name Chach, Arabs - Shash, Turks - Tash. In its history, Tashkent has changed many names, the current name, which it received in the XI century, translated from Uzbek means "Stone City."
Even in the Middle Ages, Tashkent was a developed agricultural center, a city of artisans with well-fortified borders from raids by northern nomadic tribes. At different times, Tashkent was part of the Kushan Empire and the Ephthalitic state, the Arab Caliphate, the Samanid state and the nomads of the Karakhanids.
It was conquered by Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, and for a long time was under the control of the Kokand Khanate and at the end of the XIX century, it was conquered by Russia, becoming the center of the Turkestan region, and since 1930 it became the capital of Uzbekistan.
Tashkent proudly bears the title of cultural center of Uzbekistan. The ancient city keeps many secrets of history and with pleasure opens them up to those who dare to visit it and with their own eyes see all its delights. There are many historical monuments of national importance in it. The traveler, who came here for the first time, must certainly see the best places in Tashkent.
The old city of Tashkent, called EskiShahar, is still the most remarkable place of the capital of Uzbekistan, here you can see unique monuments of medieval oriental architecture: mosques, madrassas and mausoleums. One of them is the Kukeldash Madrasah. The madrasah was built in the second half of the 16th century during the reign of the Sheibanid dynasty. At the end of the 18th century, the madrasah was used as a caravan-serai, and in 1860 served as a fortress for the Kokand khans. Nowadays, the madrasah is active: students live and study here. Its main portal has a height of about 20 m, it is decorated with white and blue mosaics. Near the Kukeldash Madrassa is the old city bazaar Chorsu. Since ancient times Chorsu has been the largest trade center of Tashkent. Not far from here is the Friday Mosque (Juma). The first building of the mosque was built in 1451, however, as a result of the earthquake in 1868 it was destroyed. Another interesting sight is the Hast-Imom Square, which is considered to be the religious center of Tashkent. This is a landmark place for Tashkent and for world culture. It holds the Osman Qur'an. Since the Ottoman Koran, as is known, all the remaining copies of the Holy Scriptures have been made, and the date of creation of the original source dates back to the 7th century.
The Tilla-Sheikh Mosque, the mausoleum of Kaffali Shashi (1542), built in honor of Imam Abubakra ibn Ali ibn Ismail Al Kaffali Shashi, who introduced the Turks to Islam, and the Imam Al-Bukhari Islamic Institute. It is worth to go to another ancient training center - madrasah Abdulkasim Sheikh of the 16th century. Next to the madrasah, the Parliament building rises. Other attractions of the Old City include the 16th-century Sheikh Zainudin mausoleum, the 14th century Sheikhantaur mausoleum, where one of the dried sacred saury trees survived, which, according to legend, grew at the sites of Alexander the Great's stops, the mausoleum of Kaldirchobia and the 15th century Yunus Khan mausoleum, Khalfo Bobo mausoleum end of the 19th century.
In the capital there are 11 theaters, many public gardens and parks. There are many cafes and restaurants where you can enjoy national, European, Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Italian and other cuisines.
The architectural appearance of Tashkent is marked by an explicit expressive national color: ultramodern buildings harmoniously coexist with medieval structures, while in Tashkent a huge number of parks and squares, rich in greenery and fountains.